Welcome to Russia
Would you like to touch the history of one of the greatest countries in the world? Have you ever tried a real Russian borsch? Would it be surprise if you don’t meet any bears walking down the streets? And what about Russian folklore with its fairy tales and legendary personages? No idea? Then, a visit to Russia is your main must-do item, indeed!
At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is, in area, by far the largest country in the world, covering more than an eighth of the Earth’s land area. It is 2.2 times larger than Australia and 0.7 million kilometers larger than South America. Russia has the world’s largest reserves of mineral and energy resources.
Facts and Figures
Russian is a Slavic language in the Indo-European family. It is one of the other two national languages in the East Slavic group, which are Ukrainian and Belarusian. Russian is classified as a level III language in terms of learning difficulty.
Statistically, there are 160 ethnic groups in Russia, speaking 100 different languages.
Population: Russia has the population of 143,000,000 people with 5,028,313 living in St. Petersburg. The ethnic composition of the country includes 80.90% Russians, 3.87% Tatars, 1.41% Ukrainians, 0.86% Armenians, 0.44% Azerbaijani, 0.38% Belarusians, and many other smaller ethnic groups.
Area: 17,075,400 square kilometres with lakes containing approximately one-quarter of the world’s unfrozen fresh water.
International calling code: To make a phone call to Russia, please dial 8 and wait for dial tone, then dial 10, which is the country code, then dial the code of the city and the telephone number.
Emergency numbers: “911” service is not available in Russia, still the following phone numbers are at your service:
01 – fire brigade
02 – police
03 – ambulance
04 – emergency gas service
Electric power: Electrical current in Russia is 220 volts, 50Hz. Round two-pin plugs are standard.
Currency: Ruble (RUB). The ruble is subdivided into 100 kopeks.
Exchange: Foreign currency can be easily exchanged at uathorized banks and exchange offices. Exchange offices are numerous and easy to locate.
- New Year’s Day (Novy god) – January 1
- Orthodox Christmas (Rozhdestvo) – January 7
- Defender of the Fatherland Day (Den’ zashchitnika Otechestva) – February 23
- International Women’s Day (Vos’moe Marta) – March 8
- Spring and Labor Day (Prazdnik Vesny i Truda) – May 1
- Victory Day (Den Pobedy) – May 9
- Russia Day (Den Rossii) – June 12
- Unity Day (Den Narodnogo Edinstva) – November 4
Weather: The weather conditions across Russia vary with both distances and seasons. It is true to say, though, that December, January and February tend to be the coldest months with temperatures at least a few degrees below zero all over the territory of Russia. The central part of the country gets from 10 to 15 Cº most of the time.